Burning the Bootloader to an Arduino Uno using Atmel Studio and the AVRISP mkII

Created on: 13 October 2012
Updated on: 27 February 2016

If your Arduino Uno microcontroller has been damaged or got "bricked up" and you need to get it working again quickly, you will need to replace the microcontroller chip (ATMEGA328P) and then load the bootloader program to the microcontroller. Although there are ways of restoring a "bricked up" microcontroller, a quick fix to get your Arduino Uno board working is to replace the microcontroller and then sort out the bricked up microcontroller at your leisure.

When a new blank microcontroller is inserted into an Arduino board, it must have the Arduino bootloader programmed into it. This only has to be done once. The bootloader is a piece of software that allows sketches to be loaded to the Arduino via the USB or serial port from the Arduino IDE.

Why Use Atmel Studio?

If you have loaded Atmel Studio on your PC and you try to burn the bootloader to the Arduino using the Arduino IDE, you will get an error message in the Arduino IDE because of a driver clash between Atmel Studio and the Arduino IDE drivers.

The Arduino IDE displays the error message:

Error while burning bootloader.
avrdude: usbdev_open(): did not find any USB device "usb"

The best solution to this problem is to use Atmel Studio to burn the bootloader, rather than removing Atmel Studio and its drivers.

Hardware Setup

Plug the AVRISP mkII USB connection into a spare USB port on the PC. Plug the AVRISP ribbon cable connector into the 3 by 2 header on the Arduino board. Make sure that you connect it the right way around. Pin 1 is marked on the AVRISP connector and on the Arduino header.

Power up the Arduino either from the PC via a USB cable or by an external power supply.

Burning the Arduino Bootloader

The bootloader is included with the Arduino IDE software. In version 1.0.1 of the Arduino software, you will find the bootloader in the Arduino folder:


The bootloader in this folder that must be loaded to the Arduino Uno is optiboot_atmega328.hex

Steps to Burn the Bootloader

1. Connect the hardware as described above

2. Start Atmel Studio

3. In Atmel Studio, click Tools → Device Programming

4. In the Device Programming dialog box, select AVRISP mkII in the Tool drop-down box, ATmega328P in the Device drop-down box and ISP in the Interface drop-down box

Atmel Studio settings for the Arduino Uno microcontroller (ATMEGA328P) and the AVRISP mkII programmer
Atmel Studio Interface Settings - click for a bigger image

5. Click the Apply button

6. You can click the Read button under Device signature to make sure that you can connect to the ATMEGA328P microcontroller

7. Click Memories in the left pane of the dialog box

8. Browse to the bootloader hex file using the ... button and then select the hex file

9. Click the Program button

Burning the Arduino Uno bootloader in Atmel Studio
Burning the Arduino Uno Bootloader - click for a bigger image

10. After programming has finished, click Fuses in the left pane

11. Change the fuse values to:

12. Click the Program button

The Arduino Uno fuse settings in Atmel Studio
Arduino Uno Fuse Setting - click for a bigger image

13. You can now close Atmel Studio

14. Start the Arduino IDE and load a sketch to test that the bootloader is working, e.g. load the Blink sketch to flash the on-board LED

Related Articles

The following related articles show how to connect a programmer (AVR Dragon and AVR ISP mkII) to an Arduino board and restore the bootloader using Atmel Studio 7 on an Arduino Uno and Arduino MEGA 2560.

Connecting an AVR Dragon or ISP mkII to an Arduino

Burning the Bootloader to an Arduino Uno or MEGA